Posts Tagged ‘Thomas Hardy’

Quick Outline

Hardy’s fourth novel takes its title from Thomas Gray’s Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard:

‘Far from the madding crowd’s ignoble strife

Their sober wishes never learn’d to stray;

Along the cool sequester’d vale of life

They kept the noiseless tenor of their way.’

Of course, whilst the tale is set in rural Weatherbury, a farming village with a close community spirit, the main protagonists are led by their passions and so ironically, assume the state of ‘madding’ frenzy usually assumed by the buzzing towns and cities.

The tale surrounds beautiful, confident and independent Bathsheba Everdene and the three men who battle for her affections. Although Bathsheba’s tale is set over a hundred years ago, her difficulties are easily recognized, and thus, her mistakes, easily forgiven. If she lived today, Bathsheba would be a heel-wearing millionaire with two businesses she created and controlled herself. Her problems with Oak, Troy and Boldwood would appear on the problem pages of Cosmo, entitled, I imagine, like this:

‘He’s Mr Perfect, kind, handsome and has money. So why can’t I love him?’ (Oak)

‘He’s rich, handsome and completely obsessed with me- should I say yes to marriage?’ (Boldwood)

‘Everyone tells me he’s bad news, but I think I’m in love him.’ (Troy)

And so Bathsheba, in her struggles with three such different men (the kind and sensible Oak; obsessive, insane yet good Boldwood; and exciting, dashing but insincere Troy) personifies all those annoying and overused magazine sayings. Like the one about treating them mean to keep them keen and it being all about ‘the bad boys’… (thanks Alexandra Burke).

The message that we appear to be left with, after Bathsheba has rebuffed two suitors, fallen for Troy and married him, allowing her heart to rule her head is: don’t follow your heart. You will be left with a husband who doesn’t love you, he will slowly gamble away your money and then leave you all alone. A little like Sense and Sensibility, no good can come from wild passions. Despite this, Hardy allows Bathsheba a happy ending. She marries again, this time for sense, and although we are supposed to feel happy for her, we aren’t. The tale ends, she is perfectly content, but doesn’t appear to be leaping in the air with joy. Perhaps Hardy doesn’t believe in this type of happiness, realistically, believing it to be always short-lived. Perhaps, Bathsheba’s story is a realistic message about being happy with a perfectly ‘fine’ life, that to search for anything more can only end in disappointment.

All I know for sure is that these ‘romantic’ musings probably wouldn’t satisfy the readers of Cosmo. Sorry modern Bathsheba, but apparently you can’t have female independence and a husband you love. There’s just no pleasing some people.

A Picture Portrait

Gabrielle Oak the Shepherd: Oak is the voice of reason throughout the tale. Loveable because of his quiet, graceful unassuming ways and annoying in that he seems to be always good and always right. He never gets angry, and the rest of the common labouring folk look up to him as you might a wise father.

His shepherding duties appear to extend into the lives of the humans, as well as the sheep, which surround him. Despite the cruel way Bathsheba treats him, Oak takes on the biblical aspect of Jesus guarding his flock, caring for her despite everything. Guarding her and trying to keep her from harm. Oak loves her for loves sake and never requires anything in return.

Tess: In the tragedy of Fanny Robin, a sub-plot existing within Madding Crowd, Hardy looks forward to Tess of the D’urbervilles. Both Tess and Fanny are working class women with little or no family support. Both are innocent and pure and die because of events caused by the men in their lives. Whilst Bathsheba has the independence provided by money, Tess and Fanny have no way of lifting themselves from the luckless ways life has cast upon them, they can only turn to men, who, in their own turn, prove themselves unworthy. Both women die whilst Bathsheba survives her tale and remains stronger than ever by the end.

The obvious contrast between these three women could also be read as an evolutionary metaphor. Hardy was very interested in Darwin’s work and theories, and in this respect ‘the survival of the fittest’ can provide a frame around which Bathsheba’s success and the perishing of Fanny and Tess neatly fits.

My Favourite Review…

I did search and search and search….but I couldn’t find any I liked. You’ll just have to make do with this one.


The piece opened and the pace was excellent. However, just before half way it slackened and lost momentum. Then, In the closing stages it returned to its former brilliance. This made for sticky reading at times. Despite this, it is one of those books that you must read, especially if you enjoyed Tess or Jude.



3.5 Stars


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I Look into my Glass,

by Thomas Hardy


I look into my glass,

And view my wasting skin,

And say, “Would God it came to pass

My heart had shrunk as thin!”


For then, I, undistrest

By hearts grown cold to me,

Could lonely wait my endless rest

With equanimity.


But Time, to make me grieve,

Part steals, lets part abide;

And shakes this fragile frame at eve

With throbbings of noontide.


The word on the poetic street is that Thomas Hardy is a pessimist, a grumpy Victorian who wrote dark lines which, thankfully, were for the best part ignored. This lack of fame is a painful irony for Hardy, public attention hooked upon his novels, novels that he wrote only to finance his poetic ambition.

‘I Look into my Glass’ can easily be read as evidence for all the reasons we should not read Hardy. From the outset it’s about a wrinkly someone who only wishes their heart were as weak and incapable as the reflection which confronts them in the glass, that their ability to love had worn away with the passing of time; that they would no longer have to bear the pain of ‘hearts grown cold’. These dark wishes are wrapped up in a cold reminder of our own fragile mortality; the ‘endless rest’ which awaits us after out time on earth is done.

Now, of course, these are dark ideas, but are they capable of making the reader feel depressed/sad/like they should end it all now? Nooo. All this Hardy-is-depressing rubbish has grown so huge as a popular idea it has managed to fix itself upon his work like a concrete historical reality, which of course, it is not. Hence, when reading about a life concluded by ‘endless rest’, it is easy to turn to what we believe about Hardy and find that he has rejected all former Christian belief in believing there is no advancement from earth to heaven.

This idea is complicated, however, by the address to God on line three. This address mirrors the reference to ‘endless rest’(l.7) structurally, existing, as it does, on the third extended line of the stanza. This tension is a complex one, and it seems obvious to expect remedy in line eleven, which mimics lines three and seven in position and length. Disappointingly, ‘And shakes this fragile frame at eve’ does not at first resolve this God related struggle. It is then we realise that this is not a tension the poet is concerned with; this is not a vacuum in which he repairs his own doubts, bleats about his own pain, but instead a space where the reader and poet are fused as one in their own shared mortality. A mortality which is painfully transcendent, hearts grow ‘cold’ and skin ‘wasting’; a mortality which will leave us all, upon one time, to be alone with just our reflection. So whilst the constant reference to ‘my’ (‘glass’(l.1), ‘skin’(l.2)) at first appears to reject the reader by appearing so terribly inward looking, eventually succeeds in locking them into the poem through the knowledge that fear, loneliness, and the unstoppable drag of time is one thing we all have in common, and must all bear separately in our own way.

So when we turn to line eleven expecting a simple resolution between ‘God’ and ‘endless rest’, we find resolutions are impossible, that the poet is as in the dark as we. Nothing is resolved within this poem. Life, mortality, the transgressive nature of faith, our bodies, our love, cannot be simply resolved by the words of a poet, who is, we must not forget, just a man. What this final third line speaks of is our fragility. It is this fragility which leaves us scared and alone, leaves some of us finding comfort in God, and some finding comfort in the thought that an oblivion awaits, an ‘endless rest’. Wherever we find our comfort, a way to handle the hardship which is life, the poet is not one to decide or point the fairer path. He instead offers us a space where we can all share in our collective loneliness, a comfort in a world which is often so complex and meaningless, to know we all bear it together is possibly all it takes to make it easier.

Is it hugely naive to believe that this simple consolation is enough for the reader, that they can now resolve themselves to the poet and his plight? Perhaps not. But there is more besides; the honest expression within the lines, the simple, direct language used. The direct confrontation of self, a terrifying confrontation which reveals only a stranger in a mirror, one who cannot pay testament to heart, memory, love or fear. By openly admitting this pain and fear, loneliness and desire, the poet infringes on human emotions which are so delicate, so scary, they are usually avoided in verse. By delving straight to the bottom of a subject we all continue to avoid fills the reader with admiration, they share in him, he gives a little of himself and we then reward him by understanding.

…Of course, I may just be totally disillusioned, if you still want to slit your wrists, I apologise. A lot. (So would Hardy, I’m almost sure!)




4/5 Stars


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